Who Established the War Reparations Claims Process?
In April 1991, the United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 687. This Resolution established the legal foundation to file, examine, determine and impose war reparations claims against Iraq. These claims arise from the invasion and occupation of Kuwait by Saddam Hussein’s regime in 1990-1991. Resolution 687 established the foundation for creating a fund out of which to pay for war reparations claims and for creating the United Nations Compensation Commission (U.N.C.C.).
Resolution 687 states that:
“Iraq…is liable under international law for any direct loss, damage, including environmental damage and the depletion of natural resources, or injury to foreign governments, nationals and corporations as a result of Iraq’s unlawful invasion and occupation of Kuwait.”